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Bibliography
FETAL ALCOHOL: THE BASICS

by   Lynne Frigaard
Director, Arc Northland (Duluth, MN)

Bibliography (alphabetical)

Aase, J.M., Jones, K.L., and Clarren, S.K. (1995) "Do We Need the Term 'FAE?'" Pediatrics 95 (3): 428-30.

Abel, E.L. (1984) "Prenatal Effects of Alcohol." Drug and Alcohol Dependence 14: 1-10. Teratology 10: 1.

Abel, E.L. (1998) Fetal Alcohol Abuse SYndrome. New York: Plenum Press.

Abel, E.L. (1999) "What really causes FAS?" Teratology 59: 4-6.

Abel, E.L. and J.H. Hannigan (1995) "Maternal Risk Factors in Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Provocative and Permissive Influences." Neurotoxicology and Teratology 17 (4): 445.

Abel, E.L. and Kruger, M. (1998) “What Do Physicians Know and Say About Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: A Survey of Obstetricians, Pediatricians, and Family Medicine Physicians,” Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research 22 (9): 1951-1954.

Abel, E.L. and R.J. Sokol (1986) "Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Is Now the Leading Cause of Mental Retardation." Lancet 2: 122.

Abel, E.L. and R.J. Sokol (1991) "A Rev ised Conservative Estimate of the Incidence of FAS and Its Economic Impact." Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research 15 (3): 514-524.

Admire, D. (1995) "Reflections on Reasons and Responses Involving Youth in the Criminal Justice System." Iceberg 5 (3): 1-2.

American Psychiatric Association (1994) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders [DSMIV]. Washington D.C.: American Psychiatric Association.

Astley, S.J. and Clarren, S.K. (1999) Diagnostic Guide for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Related Conditions: The 4-Digit Diagnostic Code, 2nd Ed. Seattle, WA: University of Washington.

Bagheri, M.M., Burd, L., Martsolf, J.T., and M.G. Klug (1998) "Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Maternal and Neonatal Characteristics." Journal of Perinatal Medicine 26: 263-69.

Baker, P.L. and A. Carson (1999) "'I Take Care of My Kids: Mothering Practices of Substance- Abusing Women." Gender & Society 13 (3): 347-363.

Barnett, C. (1997) "A Judicial Perspective on FAS: Memories of the Making of Nanook of the North." In A. Streissguth and J. Kanter (eds.), The Challenge of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Overcoming Secondary Disabilities. Seattle, W A: University of Washington Press, pp. 134-145.

Bloss, G. (1994) "The Economic Cost of FAS" Alcohol Health and Research World 18: 53-54. Boland, F.J., Bumll, R., Duwyn, M., and J. Karp (1998) "Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Implications for Correctional Service," from: Correctional Service of Canada, (http://www .csc-scc.gc.ca/text/rsrch/reDorts/r71/r71e.shtm) (July): 1-50.

Brodsky, L. (2001). "Tools for Success: Working with Youth in the Juvenile Justice System (A Resource Guide)" Minnesota Organization of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.

Burd, L., Cox, C., Fjelstad, K., and K. McCulloch. (2000) "Screening For Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Is It Feasible and Necessary?" Addiction Biology 5 (2): 127-39.

Capron, A.M. (1992). "Fetal Alcohol and Felony" Hastings Center Report, May-June: 28-29.

Caruso, K. and R. Bensel (1993) "Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effects."Minnesota Medicine 76: 25-9.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (1997) “Alcohol Consumption Among Pregnant and Childbearing-Aged Women, U.S., 1991 and 1995.” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 46 (16): 346-350.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention () “Alcohol Use Among Women of Childbearing Age—U.S., 1991-1999.” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 51 (13): 273-276.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention () “Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System: Trend Data”. (http://www.apps.need.cdc.gov/brfss/Trends).

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (1994) “Frequent Alcohol Consumption Among Women of Childbearing Age—Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 1991.” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 43 (18): 328-329, 335.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDCP] (1995) "Sociodemographic and Behavioral Characteristics Associated with Alcohol Consumption During Pregnancy, U.S. 1988." Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 444 (April 7): 261-264.

Coles, C.D. (1993) "Impact of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure On the Newborn and the Child." Clinical Obstetrics Gynecology 36: 255-66.

Coles, C. (1994) "Critical Periods for Prenatal Alcohol Exposure: Evidence From Animal and Human Studies" Alcohol Health and Research World 18: 22-29.

Coles, C.D. (1995). "Children of parents who abuse drugs and alcohol." In G.H. Smith, C.D. Coles, M.K. Poulsen, & C.K. Cole (eds.), Children. Families. and Substance Abuse: Challenges for Changing Educational and Social Outcomes. Baltimore, MA: Haul H. Brookes Publishing Co.

Conry, J. (1990) "Neuropsychological Deficits in Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effects." Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 14: 650-55.

Cooke, R. (1988) "A Disease or Not?: Since the High Court's New Ruling, Shrill Debate Has Erupted Over Alcoholism: Are Drinkers Bad or Sick, Culprits or Victims?" Newsday May 3.

Dagher-Margosian, J. (1997). "Representing the FAS Client in a Criminal Case." In A. Streissguth and J. Kanter (eds.), The Challenge of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Overcoming Secondary Disabilities. Seattle, W A: University of Washington Press, pp. 125-133.

Davis, D. (1994) Reaching Out to Children with FAS/FAE: A Handbook For Teachers, Counselors, and Parents Who Work with Children Affected By Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effects. West Nyack, NY: Center for Applied Research in Education (Simon & Schuster).

Dicker, M. and E.A. Leighton (1994) "Trends in the US Prevalence of Drug-using Parturient Women and Drug-affected Newborns, 1979 through 1990." American Journal of Public Health 84: 1433-38.

Dufour, M.C., Williams; G.D., Campbell, K.E., and S.S. Aitken (1994) "Knowledge of FAS and the Risks of Heavy Drinking During Pregnancy, 1985 and 1990." Alcohol Health and Research World 18: 86-92.

Ebrahim, S., Diekman, S., Decoufle, P., Tully, M., and R. Floyd (1999) "Pregnancy- Related Alcohol Use Among Women In the United States, 1988-1995." Prenatal and Neonatal Medicine 4: 39-46.

Ebrahim, S., Diekman, S., Floyd, R., and P. Decoufle (1999) "Comparison of Binge Drinking Among Pregnant and Nonpregnant Women, United States, 1991-1995." American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 180 (1): 1-7.

Farrington, D.P. (1995) "The Twelfth Jack Tizard Memorial Lecture: The Development of Offending and Antisocial Behavior From Childhood: Key Findings From the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development." Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 360 (6): 929-964.

Fast, D.K., Conry, J., and C.A. Loock (1999) "Identifying Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Among Youth in the Criminal Justice System." Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics 20 (5): 370-72.

Finkelstein, N. and L. Derman (1991) "Single-parent Women: What a Mother Can Do." In P. Roth (ed.), Alcohol and Drugs Are Women's Issues. Volume 1: Review of the Issues. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press and Women's Action Alliance.

Fitzgerald, P. (1988) "FAS Persists Despite Broad Public Awareness." Michigan Medicine 87 (5): 262-64, 268.

Floyd, R.L., Decoufle P., and Hungerford, D. W. (1999) "Alcohol Use Prior To Pregnancy Recognition." American Journal of Preventive Medicine 17 (August): 101-07.

Forrest, D.J. (1994) "Epidemiology of Unintended Pregnancy and Contraception Use." American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 170: 1485-89

Fritz, J.L. and T.F. McLaughlin (1995) "The Use of Alcohol By Pregnant Women and Its Effects On Their Children: With an Emphasis on Children with ADHD." Corrective and Social Psychiatry and Journal of Behavior Technologv Methods and Therapy 41 (3): 36-41.

Geller, A. (1991) "The Effects of Drug Use During Pregnancy." In P. Roth (ed.), Alcohol and Drugs Are Women's Issues. Volume 1: Review of the Issues. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press and Women's Action Alliance.

Golden, J. (1999). "'An Argument That Goes Back to the Womb: The Demedicalization Of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, 1973-1992." Journal of Social History 33 (2): 269-99.

Gottfredson, M. and T. Hirschi (1990) A General Theory of Crime. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Governor Arne H. Carlson’s Task Force on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (1998). Suffer the Children: The Preventable Tragedy of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. State of Minnesota.

Hagerman, R.J. (1999) Neurodevelopmental Disorders: Diagnosis and Treatment. New York: Oxford University Press.

Hankin, J. (1994) "FAS Prevention Strategies: Passive and Active Measures" Alcohol Health and Research World 18: 62-66.

Jeffrey, C.R. (1980) "Sociobiology and Criminology: The Long Lean Years of the Unthinkable and the Unmentionable." In E. Sagarin (ed.), Taboos in Criminology, (15), Sage Research Progress Series in Criminology. London, UK: Sage Publications.

Johnson, S. (1991) "Recent Research: Alcohol and Women's Bodies. "Alcohol and Drugs Are Women's Issues. Volume 1: Review of the Issues. P. Roth (Ed.), Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press and Women's Action Alliance.

Jones, W. (1992) "Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Its Impact on Corrections." American Jails (Jan/Feb): 20-4.

Kodituwakku, P.W., Kalberg, W., and May, P.A. “The Effects of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure on Executive Functioning,” from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. (www.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh25-3/192-198.htm).

LaDue, R.A., Streissguth, A.P., and Randels S.P. (1992). "Clinical Considerations Pertaining to Adolescents and Adults with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome," In T.B. Sondregger (ed.), Perinatal Substance Abuse: Research Findings and Clinical Implications. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press. pp. 104-31.

LaDue, R. and T. Dunne (1995) "Legal Issues and the Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)." The FEN Pen 3 (4): 6-7.

LaDue, R. and T. Dunne (1996a) "Capacity Concerns and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome." The FEN Pen 4 (1): 2-3.

LaDue, R. and T. Dunne (1996b) "Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Implications for Sentencing in the Criminal Justice System." The FEN Pen 5 (1): 2-3.

LaDue, R. and T. Dunne (1997) "Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Implications for Sentencing in the Criminal Justice System, Part 2." The FEN Pen 5 (2): 2-6.

Little, R., and J. Wendt (1991) "The Effects of Maternal Drinking in the Reproductive Period: an Epidemiologic Review." Journal of Substance Abuse, 3: 187-204.

Little, R.E., Schultz, F.A, and W. Mandell (1976) "Drinking During Pregnancy." Journal of Studies on Alcohol 37 (3): 375-79.

Loeber, R. and M. LeBlanc (1990) "Toward a Developmental Theory." In M. Tonry and N. Morris (eds.), Crime and Justice: a Review of Research 12, pp. 375 -473.

Loeber, R. and M. Stouthamer-Loeber (1986) "Family Factors as Correlates and Predictors of Juvenile Conduct Problems and Delinquency." In M. Tonry and N. Morris (eds.), Crime and Justice: an Annual Review of Research 17, pp. 29-149.

Maier, S.E. and West, J.R. “Patterns and Alcohol-Related Birth Defects,” from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. (http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh25-3/168-174.htm).

Mathelier, A.C. and K. Karachorlu (1999) "Vanished Twin and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome in the Surviving Twin: a Case Report." Journal of Reproductive Medicine 44 (4): 394-98.

May, P.A. (1991) "Fetal Alcohol Effects Among North American Indians: Evidence and Implications For Society." Alcohol Health and Research World 15 (3): 239-248.

Mayes, L. (1995) "Substance Abuse and Parenting." In M.H. Bornstein (ed), Handbook of Parenting, Volume 4: Applied and Practical Research. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers, pp. 101-25.

McCreight, B. (1997) Recognizing and Managing Children with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome/Fetal Alcohol Effects: A Guidebook. Washington D.C.: Child Welfare League of America Press.

McGaha, J.E., Stokes, J.L., and J. Nielson (1990) "Children of Alcoholism: Implications for Juvenile Justice." Juvenile and Family Court Journal 41 (2): 19- 24.

Minnesota Kids Count () Minnesota Kids: A Closer Look— Data Book. St. Paul, MN: Children’s Defense Fund of Minnesota.

Minnesota Planning (1999) “Minnesota Health Profiles.” (http://www.mnplan.state.mn.us).

Minnesota Department of Human Services (2001) “Minnesota Student Survey 2001”. (http://www.mnplan.state.mn.us/cgi-bin/datanetweb/health).

Minnesota Department of Human Services (1998) “Minnesota Student Survey 1998”. (http://www.mnplan.state.mn.us/cgi-bin/datanetweb/health).

Nanson, J .L. and M. Hiscock (1990) "Attention Deficits in Children Exposed To Alcohol Prenatally." Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 14 (5): 656-661.

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (2000). “Early Drinking Onset Increases Lifetime Injury Risk” (http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/press/2000/injury.htm).

National Household Survey on Drug Abuse Report (). “Binge Drinking Among Underage Persons.” (http://www.samhsa.gov/oas/2k2).

National Household Survey on Drug Abuse Report (2001). “Alcohol Use.” (http://www.samsha.gov/oas/2k2).

National Institute on Drug Abuse and National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (1992) "Economic Costs-Chapter 4(b): The Economic Costs of Alcohol and Drug Abuse in the United States." (http://www.health.org:80/govstudy/bkd265/Chapter4b.htm).

Nephew, T.M., Williams, G.D., Stinson, F.S., Nguyen, K., and Dufour, M. (2000). Surveillance Report #55: Apparent Per Capital Alcohol Consumption: National, State, and Regional Trends, 1977-98. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Division of Biometry and Epidemiology.

Nevin, A.C., Parshuram, C., Nulman, I., Koren, G., and Einarson, A. (). “A Survey of Physicians’ Knowledge Regarding Awareness of Maternal Alcohol Use and the Diagnosis of FAS.” BMC Family Practice 3 (1). (http://www.pubmedcentral.gov/).

Novick, N. and A. Streissguth (1996) "Thoughts on Treatment of Adults and Adolescents Impaired By Fetal Alcohol Exposure." Treatment Today, 7 (4), pp. 20-21.

Oesterheld, J.R. and A. Wilson (1997) "ADHD and FAS." Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 36: 1163.

Olson, H.C., Sampson, P.D., Barr, H., Streissguth, A.P., and F.L. Bookstein (1992) "Prenatal Exposure To Alcohol and School Problems in Late Childhood: A Longitudinal Prospective Study." Development and Psvchopathology 4: 341-59.

Ondersma, S., Simpson, S., Brestan, E., and M. Ward (2000) "Prenatal Drug Exposure and Social Policy: The Search for an Appropriate Response." Maltreatment 5 (2): 93-108.

Osborn, K. "A View From the Bench: Concerns About Young Offenders with FAS/FAE." Iceberg 5 (3): 3.

Phillips, D.K., Henderson, G.I., and S. Schenker (1989) "Pathogenesis of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome." Alcohol Health and Research World 13 (3): 219-227.

Rafter, N.H. (1997) Creating Born Criminals. Chicago, IL: University of Illinois Press.

Russell, M. (1994) "New Assessment Tolls for Risk Drinking During Pregnancy: T -ACE, TWEAK, and Others" Alcohol Health and Research World 18: 55-61.

Samspon, P.D., Streissguth, A., Bookstein, F.L., Little, R.E., Clarren, S.K., Dehaene, D., Hanson, J. W ., and J .M. Graham (1997) "Incidence of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Prevalence of Alcohol Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder." Teratology 56: 317-326.

Schoenborn, C.A. and Adams, P.F. () “Alcohol Use Among Adults: United States, 1997- 98.” National Center for Health Statistics.

Shen, R., Hanningan, J., and G. Kapatos (1999) "Prenatal Ethanol Reduces the Activity of Adult Midbrain Dopamine Neurons" Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 23 (11): 1801-1807.

Sood, B., Delaney-Black, V., Covington, C., Nordstrom-Klee, B., Ager, J., Templin, T., Janisse, J., Martier, S., and Sokol, R.J. (2001) “Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Childhood Behavior at Age 6 to 7 Years: I. Dose-Response Effect.” Pediatrics 108 (2). (www.pediatrics.org/cgi/content/full/108/2/e34).

Sparks, S.N. (1993) Children of Prenatal Substance Abuse. San Diego, CA: Singular Publishing Group, Inc.

Spohr, H. and H. Streinhausen (1987) "Follow-up Studies of Children with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome." Neuropediatrics 18 (1): 13-17.

Starn, J.R. (1994) "Perinatal Substance Abuse: A Topic That Can No Longer Be Ignored." Journal of Perinatal Education 3 (4): 1-8.

Stoler, J. and L. Holmes (1999) "Under Recognition of Prenatal Alcohol Effects in Infants of Known Alcohol Abusing Women." The Journal of Pediatrics 135 (4): 430-36.

Stratton, K.R., Howe, C.J., & F.C. Battaglia (1996) Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Diagnosis, Epidemiology, Prevention, and Treatment. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

Streissguth, A. (1994) "A Long-Term Perspective of FAS" Alcohol Health and Research 18: 67-73.

Streissguth, A. (1997) Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: A Guide for Families and Communities. Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes Publishers.

Streissguth, A., Aase, J., Clarren, S., Randels, S., LaDue, R., and D. Smith (1991) "Fetal Alcohol Syndrome in Adolescents and Adults" JAMA 265: 1961-67.

Streissguth, A., Barr H., Kogan, J., & F. Bookstein (1997) "Primary and Secondary Disabilities in Fetal Alcohol Syndrome." In A.P. Streissguth and J Kanter (eds.), The Challenge of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Overcoming Secondary Disabilities. Seattle: University of Washington Press, pp. 25-39.

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Streissguth, A., Bookstein, F., Sampson, P., and H. Barr (1993) The Enduring Effects of Prenatal Alcohol ExRosure on Child Development: Birth Through Seven Years. a Partial Least Squares Solution. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.

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Streissguth, A.P. and S. Randels (1988) "Long Term Effects of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome." In G.C. Robinson and R.W. Armstrong (eds.), Alcohol and Child/Family Health. Vancouver: University of British Columbia, pp. 135-51.

Streissguth, A. P., Sampson, P., Carmichael Olson, H., Bookstein, F., Barr, H., Scott, M., Feldman, J., and A. Mirsky (1994) "Maternal Drinking During Pregnancy: Attention and Short-term Memory in 14-year-old Offspring: A Longitudinal Prospective Study." Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 18: 202-18.

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